We test intelligent design in the same way that we test all historical scientific theories.
It’s another example of a paper that sounds like it could have been written by a proponent of intelligent design.
This technique of examining biology through the eyes of engineering is not necessarily new — systems biologists have been doing it for years.
The quote for which Lewontin has become best known appeared in his 1997 review of a book by Carl Sagan.
So how did the paper determine that photosynthesis has an “overall simplicity,” despite the complexity just described?