My challenge is not to provide the list of mutations that did the trick, but rather a list of mutations that can do it.
Today’s biologists clearly have realized that evolutionary theory must be revised to avoid conflict with genomic data.
Computational implementations of the Darwinian mechanism only work in a very limited sense.
It’s as though most scientists are unwilling to put these fundamental ideas to a serious test.
If Shapiro holds that the answers to the great questions of biology all reside in the material components of life and their arrangement, then he must realize this to be just another philosophical position.