Only the infusion of new information from outside the system can explain these bursts of biological creativity.
Ubiquitous discontinuities contradict the gradualist predictions of Darwin’s theory and thus should count as empirical falsifications of that theory.
Almost everything in the wonderful construction of dragonflies cries out for a design explanation.
Contrary to the gradualistic expectations of Darwin’s theory, the distinct body plan of turtles appeared abruptly in the Late Triassic.
These incongruent or homoplastic characters are a notorious problem for phylogenetics and contradict the evolutionary prediction of a nested hierarchy.