Critics laughed, and he removed it from later editions of his book, but Charles Darwin privately continued to believe that whales evolved from a “race of bears.”
As Tom Bethell points out, there is a lot more to living things than their DNA.
For English anatomist Alice Roberts, however, the human body is a “hodge-podge” of parts assembled in an “untidy” fashion “with no foresight” by evolution.
In 1929, child psychologist Jean Piaget called children “artificialists” who tend to regard everything as “the product of human creation.”
René Descartes conceived of living things as complex machines, a concept now known as the “machine metaphor.”