Catastrophism viewed the planet as having been molded by forces far more powerful than any observable at the present day.
Remarkably, Darwin’s evolutionary ideas did not derive from his empirical observations in the South Seas or anywhere else.
Denis Diderot mooted the possibility of a creature evolving through habitual functioning into another form of life altogether.
Any attempt to demonstrate the sheer untenability of Darwinian postulates is just met with an ever-closer circling of the wagons.
Alfred Wallace was arguing his position from simple logic rather than on the authority of revelation from any of the Abrahamic faiths.