Some form of dualism may well be a properly basic belief, justified by the universal human experience.
Bishop and O’Connor claim that in Darwin’s Doubt, my “analysis assumes that… mind is fundamentally immaterial.”
O’Connor and Bishop offer no evolutionary mechanism as an explanation for the origin of the information necessary to produce novel forms of life.
Bishop and O’Connor claim there is no objective, scientific basis for privileging, or focusing on, “life” in my analysis.
Philosophers of science analyzing scientific arguments make a clear distinction between what needs to be explained and the competing explanations.