It’s strikes me that this is a difference between design and Darwinian thinking.
My last hospice patient, Bob, told me that after some months of just wanting to be dead, that he had “come out of the fog.”
Reducing the stature and dignity of human beings to that of animals is the whole project of Darwinism or materialism, whatever you want to call it, in a nutshell.
Egnor he nails it by noting that Shallit, not uniquely, falls victim to the mereological fallacy.
The failure to understand the gulf that separates humans from animals, and humans from machines, is a source of confusion to rival almost any other.