When scientists propose a really inane explanation for a mundane observation, evolutionary psychology is likely the discipline invoked.
Penfield began his career as a materialist, convinced that the mind was wholly a product of the brain. He finished as an emphatic dualist.
Transhumanism is a materialistic religion that seeks to attain the comforts provided by faith through belief in technology as savior.
Animal minds can be highly developed yet quite different from each other.
The only reason we perceive that it still exists is that the light from it takes a long time to reach us.