Unsurprisingly, many academics have attempted to overturn the conclusion of a beginning through the most creative of means.
If the model were plausible, the level of fine-tuning would represent even greater evidence of design than it was intended to avoid by removing the beginning.
The critics, including Ethan Siegel, appear to see Meyer much like Voldemort in the Harry Potter series.
What can we infer about the cause of the universe, about what brought it into being?
Many leading scientists of the day realized the implication of the cosmic expansion — there was a beginning!