Collins refers to the “backward wiring” of the vertebrate eye, characterizing it as flawed from an engineering perspective.
Systems biology is taking the biological world by storm, an approach that treats biological systems as optimally or near-optimally engineered systems.
The author, Dean Schulz, an engineer with a PhD in computer science, takes a “bottom up” approach.
This technique of examining biology through the eyes of engineering is not necessarily new — systems biologists have been doing it for years.
There are various types of flagella, but all function like a rotary engine made by humans. Even non-ID scientists marvel at the complexity of these machines.