Ewert’s model represents a valuable tool in the developing theory of biological design, which should eventually supplant phylogenetic analyses.
“The human part of science brings all the baggage and complexity that humans bring to every other discipline in science, and how could it be otherwise?”
Blood viscosity is the technical reason why Jack froze in less than 23 minutes, but icefish can survive for 15 years in water of a freezing temperature.
Can there be a better example of trying to argue that whatever the evidence, evolution is the answer?
From an engineering perspective, the bones of the ankle, in their complex and functional artistry, are very far from “pointless.”