William Dembski and Robert J. Marks developed the concept of active information to measure the extent to which a search function appears pre-programmed to find some target.
A skeptic might ask, “Couldn’t a more technologically advanced civilization develop new sources of fuel that require less mass?”
Perhaps in ten years we’ll be having this conversation again — and perhaps at that time the Smithsonian Institution will give us all a more objective analysis of the evidence.
I was motivated to do this study after two papers were published in 2018 on the difficulty of launching rockets from super-earths.
“Coevolutionary processes cannot drive macroevolution,” explains Dr. Miller. “Again it requires intelligent design.”