Can we be frank? Cootsona’s treatment of ID is pathetic. As “scholarship,” it’s embarrassing.
“Nylon-eating bacteria? What the heck?” you say. “Why does this matter?”
A final case where biologist Dennis Venema deals with evidence that is irrelevant to the existence of Adam and Eve is his claim about ORFan genes.
Evidence for WGD doesn’t show a Darwinian pathway. There is no evidence here against intelligent design or Michael Behe.
A bottleneck of two, or a first pair at our origin older than 500,000 years, is possible.