Long suspected to be biological in origin, desert varnish is confirmed to be the product of light-gathering microbes that concentrate manganese as sunscreen.
So how did the paper determine that photosynthesis has an “overall simplicity,” despite the complexity just described?
Information is the stuff of life. Not limited to DNA, information is found in most biomolecules in living cells.
We’re told that it’s out of bounds for science to go there. I take up that claim in the final chapter of my book, Foresight.
The contrast between the evolutionary sterility of Lenski’s unintelligent Darwinian evolution and the evolutionary potency of Arnold, Smith, and Winter’s intelligent evolution is striking.