According to Halsmer, engineering involves “the creative use of resources and ingenuity to accomplish a purpose or solve a problem.” It does so by creating “affordances.”
What if there is genuine directionality in mutation? An important paper addresses the subject.
I have long believed that “being alive” is the fundamental predicate to possessing even rudimentary intrinsic moral value.
We’re told that it’s out of bounds for science to go there. I take up that claim in the final chapter of my book, Foresight.
Perhaps the evidence for the vast scope of Darwin’s theory really isn’t as strong as biologists over the years have been telling each other.