New discoveries explore the astonishing efficiency of the cell’s rotary engine ATP synthase, and describe new roles for other motors that deliver ATP.
According to Halsmer, engineering involves “the creative use of resources and ingenuity to accomplish a purpose or solve a problem.” It does so by creating “affordances.”
What if there is genuine directionality in mutation? An important paper addresses the subject.
I have long believed that “being alive” is the fundamental predicate to possessing even rudimentary intrinsic moral value.
We’re told that it’s out of bounds for science to go there. I take up that claim in the final chapter of my book, Foresight.