The situation resembles a poorly constructed dam holding back water that is continuously rising.
The “long-winged” phenotype is generated if the environmental conditions deteriorate due to reduced food supply or overpopulation.
If organisms resulted from haphazard undirected processes, their design constraints would be few and highly flexible.
Systems biology is taking the biological world by storm, an approach that treats biological systems as optimally or near-optimally engineered systems.
Transposable elements modify gene regulation in maize to confer drought tolerance, alter flowering time, and enable plants to grow in toxic aluminum soils.