If biologists had thought more like engineers, stumbling into the myth of “Junk DNA” might have been avoided.
Perhaps the biggest evolutionary development in the course of the experiment involved some bacteria beginning to feed on citric acid.
An “engineering theory of evolution” might be one way of expressing what the ID proponents who participated in the CELS event were seeking.
In this workshop-like setting, a group of 60 biologists, engineers, medical practitioners, and researchers from related disciplines assembled for three days.
If lateral gene transfer is rampant throughout life, the universal tree of life becomes a matter of philosophical preference, not empirical demonstration.