Catastrophism viewed the planet as having been molded by forces far more powerful than any observable at the present day.
Literary critic William Empson, in a famous study, described Satan as the de facto hero of the epic in a cosmic revolt against divine repression.
Stephen Meyer has aligned himself in spirit with the geologist Charles Lyell, who explained geological features “by reference to causes now in operation.”
The wet-washcloth sensation of puppy tongue on baby cheeks is part of the baby’s evidence that Puppy exists.
We test intelligent design in the same way that we test all historical scientific theories.