Marks concedes that a computer code can surprise us — as, for example, when playing the game Go.
As Denyse O’Leary asks, “Why is it comparatively easy to develop a program to play chess, as opposed to teaching a robot to walk freely?”
David Barash is an evolutionary biologist known for delivering a yearly talk to his students disabusing them of the idea that science can be reconciled with religious faith.
Cosmologist John Gribbin cleverly inoculates himself against any suspicion — which would naturally come up given his thesis — of harboring thoughts of intelligent design.
“Consider an analogy — suppose you’d never seen chess being played, you could, by watching a few games, infer the rules…”