Unsatisfied with circular evolutionary arguments and lazy reasoning, Michael Behe decided to pose his question to the real-world data.
Fom the standpoint of empirical science, continued claims that the evidence for evolution is “incontrovertible” might be better termed one long bluff.
If you define homology as resulting from common ancestry, you can’t then turn around and use that as an argument for common ancestry.
Evans et al. (2021) seem to have been well aware of the circular reasoning in their argument.
The evolution of many complex traits, such as echo location in whales, requires the modification or creation of numerous proteins, physical structures, and neural connections.