John Mattick uses the language of historian of science Thomas Kuhn to predict that we are witnessing a “paradigm shift” away from the concept of junk DNA.
Some plant biologists want to see them that way; others continue to insist on a Darwinian view.
At least as we’re accustomed to thinking in our age of AI, the alternative to a machine is a mind.
Paco Calvo has authored many papers in respected journals; his view is another instance of panpsychism overtaking materialism in science.
James Shapiro’s recent paper points out, with examples, that bacteria meet the Oxford English Dictionary’s definition of “cognitive.”