Those paragraphs are, not surprisingly, a de rigueur nod to evolutionary theory, and as usual, it’s pure gloss, no substance.
Remarkably, even Ernst Mayr was forced to tacitly acknowledge the challenge to Darwinism posed by convergence.
Dr. Spetner challenges the idea of convergent evolution and explains his non-random evolutionary hypothesis.
Whales are held up as a model of what unguided evolution can do in a short time: in this case, just 8 million years, or perhaps even half that.
If you tried to build a pipe that had to rotate on its long axis while maintaining its angular shape, could you do better than this?