Before Darwin, biologists attributed the beauty, integrated complexity, and adaptation of organisms to their environments to a powerful designing intelligence.
The ideas of Ernst Haeckel, in his youth a hardline Darwinian materialist, were to evolve to a surprising degree.
As Darwin argued, “we can hardly believe that the webbed feet of the upland goose or of the frigate-bird are of special use to these birds.”
Resisting the evidence of cosmic and biological design, some atheist scientists have retreated to desperate rationalizations.
John Castino’s life spiraled out of control. His faith in God was based on his feelings, and so when times turned bad, he lost his faith.