Nature’s prophet and Darwin’s challenger, Wallace’s effort was to restore nature to the “space-spirit hierarchy” it once knew.
“The category ‘mainstream science’ sounds plausibly neutral, capturing the sort of objective knowledge to which any well-educated adult should assent.”
To Darwinians, people are just another species of animal. But when they invent models to try to explain how human animals evolve their behaviors, chaos ensues.
As Thomas Nagel would argue today, any theory of evolution that excludes the origin of mind and consciousness from consideration is at best half a theory.
As I read through the scientific literature of evolutionary biology to try and convince myself of its accuracy and coherence, I was struck by the frequency with which I encountered “religious” language.