A major study looks for evolution, but finds huge disparities, stasis, gaps, periodic explosions, and miracles of emergence held together with imagination.
Charles Darwin was profoundly interested in plant galls, and Darwin himself proposed the challenge these and other forms may pose to his ideas.
“Many life forms with essentially new body types appeared quickly and without precursors in the Burgess Shale in Kicking Horse Valley in British Columbia.”
This is a case of evolutionary biology trying to explain away the data that otherwise was not directly expected under their model.
Jorn Dyerberg, the Danish biologist, talks with physicist Brian Miller about finding irreducible complexity in cells.