At a conference, says Miller, “I removed two parts from a mousetrap (leaving just the base, spring, and hammer), and used that 3-part device as a functional tie-clip.”
Researchers at Uppsala University describe the challenge they face — and that standard Darwinian processes had to face.
I also have a scheme that I believe can defeat the generalized second law. My scheme is called “intelligence.”
It’s circular: “Because evolution innovates things, it will innovate things if given the opportunity.”
Lang and Rice cite a number of articles to show that loss-of-function mutations are just a small minority of those found in studies of organisms.