From a new, open-access article, “Implications of the first complete human genome assembly.”
Rational agents often detect the prior activity of other designing minds by the character of the effects they leave behind.
In 1953, when Watson and Crick elucidated the structure of the DNA molecule, they made a startling discovery.
Replication or transcription of DNA stresses the macromolecule, resulting in supercoiling. Topoisomerase II relieves the stress.
Rewriting the categories of biological redundancy in terms of function clarifies their purpose and contribution.