Dr. England has a poetic and ingenious article reflecting on God’s commissioning of Moses to lead the Jews out from Egypt.
Bacteria that conduct electricity with cables may be involved in everything from cleansing the oceans and enriching the soil to guarding our own teeth.
It is very doubtful that any beings in the universe could develop a civilization remotely comparable with our own without the use of metals.
Do the authors of the study think this is intelligently designed? They almost say so.
The most promising candidate for a “natural engine” is proton flows across thermal vents that theoretically could generate high-energy molecules.