About the movement of organelles: There are molecular motor proteins that haul them around!
In effect, protein engineers are using the power of random change plus intelligent design to see what if anything will improve function.
There is one point of confusion in descriptions of this year’s prize winners. It’s the talk of “directed evolution.”
The problem these efforts face in the lab is exactly the problem faced by Darwin’s evolutionary mechanism in the wild.
The interaction with Lents is of interest because it provides an opportunity to look again, in some detail, at a fascinating illustration of design in action.