According to Erika DeBenedictis, “one of the big limitations of biology are the basic building blocks themselves.”
The secret is to restrict one’s explanations for life to unguided natural events. Once that decision has been made, everything else flows deductively from it.
A paper illustrates the action of DNA loop extrusion processes, which serve multiple functions to maintain the genome, with an interesting graphic: gears.
Any evolving system of RNAs would quickly include almost exclusively RNAs that performed no biologically useful actions.
The antiseptic properties of natural honey are getting more attention as antibiotic-resistant bacteria proliferate.