The dispute started when a review in Science proposed the 2012 article by Näsvall et al. as evidence against Mike Behe’s book Darwin Devolves.
Writing in the journal Science, reviewers Lents, Swamidass, and Lenski make a very specific, clear, strong, and unambiguous claim.
Richard Lenski has spent decades overseeing the most extensive, most acclaimed laboratory evolution experiment conducted to date.
This line of argumentation only appears compelling to those who assume from that start that the core assumptions of the standard evolutionary model are true.
Following Darwin, with an assist from Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin, Ken Miller proposes that human reason, consciousness, etc. are exaptations, or “spandrels.”