To borrow geologist Charles Lyell’s words, intelligent agency is a cause “now in operation” that can be studied in the world around us.
It is an interesting finding, but as Wells explains, it is far from the first problem discovered with the experiment, nor the most serious one.
In the time of the early Earth, Airgas, the supplier from which the researchers obtained their materials, was not around.
While England’s laboratory work is fascinating, what’s happening in his experiments differs dramatically from what is required of even the simplest life
Any evolving system of RNAs would quickly include almost exclusively RNAs that performed no biologically useful actions.