Many materialists believe that the severe unlikelihood of the series of events required for the origin of life is not a serious problem.
In recent years, MIT physicist Jeremy England has gained media attention for proposing a thermodynamic energy-dissipation model of the origin of life.
For some theorists, the origin of life is defined as the natural origin of a self-replicating system capable of undergoing Darwinian evolution.
In the 1970s, biochemist Sidney Fox and colleagues believed they had uncovered primitive cell membrane-like structures called protenoid microspheres.
Assume for a moment that there was some way to produce simple organic molecules on the early Earth.