The capabilities of animals to know their positions and make corrections seem beyond the abilities of coded instructions or brain size.
They appear in the early Cambrian fossil record: the first examples of the most diverse phylum on earth. Who knew their skills would become the envy of human engineers?
For Ruse, “Darwin is like Moses” who “led his children [himself among them] to the Promised Land but never got there himself.”
The planthopper bug has gears in its legs that permit it to jump what in human terms would be like vaulting the length of two football fields at one go.
Miniature designs often require more foresight and delicate engineering than large designs. Examples are abundant in the living world.