While humans invented algorithms only within the last century, enabling the development of AI, animals exhibit behavioral algorithms that long predate humans.
Eric Cassell asks, “How did these complex programmed behaviors originate?” The question deserves a better answer than, “They evolved.”
Recent research draws an unapologetic parallel between human engineering and biological systems.
Computer programmers have adapted some ant problem-solving methods to software programs (but without the need for complex chemical scents).
Of course, ants and other animals do not make decisions in a “conscious” manner as humans would. Instead they rely on algorithms.