Without all of the described investigator interventions, a system of replicating RNAs could never emerge or even sustain itself.
Charles Marshall at U.C. Berkeley represents establishment opinion in current evolutionary theory, and for good reason.
Elaborate schemes to explain the origin of the genetic code from the laws of physics and chemistry miss the whole point about codes.
Researchers felt compelled to describe biological information using such phrases as “coding schemes,” “carries meaning,” “core program,” and “hierarchical rules (grammar).”
The subject of biomineralization also allows comparing the explanatory power of design over Darwinian evolution.