It has long been recognized that the many hymns to Nature in the poetic works of William Wordsworth (1770-1850) convey an implicit belief in natural theology.
The theory of natural selection was the co-discovery of two men, but by the mid 1860s one of its progenitors began to reject his own theory.
Darwin found himself in the unhappy position of having his faith undermined by what he saw as the non-directed processes of geological and biological evolution.
Bottom line: Darwin did not have a single scrap of empirical fieldwork to document his conjectures.
Catastrophism viewed the planet as having been molded by forces far more powerful than any observable at the present day.