We’re going to need a new philosophy: one that can handle realities the Elizabethans and Victorians could never have imagined.
If lateral gene transfer is rampant throughout life, the universal tree of life becomes a matter of philosophical preference, not empirical demonstration.
Information is the stuff of life. Not limited to DNA, information is found in most biomolecules in living cells.
These “jumping genes” are segments of junk DNA that insert themselves at random in our genomes. That is the evolutionary interpretation.