Those who interpreted the essence of Darwinism as being an explanation of evolution in (covertly) theistic terms appear to have had a point.
The lure of Lamarck was exemplified most strikingly in the case of Viennese biologist Paul Kammerer and the unhappy affair of the “midwife toad.”
Darwin began casting around in his mind for supplementary theories, sometimes going so far as to reconsider evolutionary thinking he had once firmly rejected.
A news release from the University of Haifa pulls no punches about the implications.
“Scholars have wasted their time trying to exonerate Darwin of responsibility for Social Darwinism, for he was a Social Darwinist.”