“It seemed to me that there had to be a conductor to this orchestra. But being an atheist, I didn’t think that was possible.”
Materialists argue that dualism of mind and brain is not possible because of causal closure — by which they mean that all physical effects have physical causes.
Egnor: “Do you want me to explain Thomistic dualism to you?…David, do you not know how St. Thomas explained intentionality?” Papineau: “Uh, no.”
According to Erika DeBenedictis, “one of the big limitations of biology are the basic building blocks themselves.”
Proponents of intelligent design would agree that biology is imperfect and biomedicine should be encouraged to cure diseases and fix problems.