Collins refers to the “backward wiring” of the vertebrate eye, characterizing it as flawed from an engineering perspective.
What are we to make of this radical discontinuity between the Earth and the rest of the cosmos?
Darwin was unquestionably a racist, arguing that civilization would advance even at the cost of inevitable racial extermination.
Long suspected to be biological in origin, desert varnish is confirmed to be the product of light-gathering microbes that concentrate manganese as sunscreen.
So how did the paper determine that photosynthesis has an “overall simplicity,” despite the complexity just described?