Do the authors of the study think this is intelligently designed? They almost say so.
There are things going on in cells that make sense only if a designing intelligence saw a need and planned for it in advance.
Chemical signaling in the cell is fairly well known, but what about electrical signaling? Is a cell wired like an electrical network?
Only a freely acting, designing agent resolves the mystery. Only such an agent creates, truly, ex nihilo.
“If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications…”