By Design — How Pearls Get Their Luster
The highly valued optical properties of pearls come from sophisticated processes of biomineralization involving proteins and crystals.
In Defiance of Evolution, Hierarchical Design Is Ubiquitous in Biology
Design with interdependent layers presents a challenge to neo-Darwinism. Natural selection is oblivious to anything but an immediate beneficial variation.
Wise Oysters, Galloping Sea Stars, and More: Biological Marvels Keep Coming
There is more going on in biology than is dreamt of in materialist philosophy.
Walnuts: Intelligent Design in a Nutshell — Literally
Walnut shells are found to create 3-D puzzles with tissues that even toothy squirrels can’t easily crack.
Human Designers Struggle to Match Biological Designs
Mother-of-pearl, or nacre, is not only a beautiful substance for jewelry and ceramics; it is a remarkable material.