Evans et al. (2021) seem to have been well aware of the circular reasoning in their argument.
The question of the disposition of the soul depends on what we mean by “soul.” Is the soul a thing somewhere in the brain, so to speak, or in the body?
Fossils often leave much room for very different interpretations of relatively poor evidence.
Consideration of the basic characteristics of nerve impulse propagation suggests that the speed of conduction in mammals is close to the maximum possible.
One area where very fast nerve conduction is vital is vision, more specifically, in keeping the eyes fixed on some object in the field of vision while in motion.