If mutations are the raw material for evolution, they are like explosives with unpredictable effects.
Dr. Egnor draws upon Aristotle to argue that mutations and other random events only occur, and have their meaning, against a backdrop of purpose and design.
William Dembski and Robert J. Marks developed the concept of active information to measure the extent to which a search function appears pre-programmed to find some target.
Neutral evolution means mutations are occurring all the time, and most of the time they are neutral, or nearly neutral.
Perhaps one of ENCODE’s staunchest critics has been Dan Graur, a molecular evolutionary biologist at the University of Houston.