A muddle emerges from textbooks’ unprincipled use of theology.
It’s so elegantly simple, why didn’t anyone think of this before? Animals evolved because they evolved.
In evolutionary biology, the great transitions from one habitat to a totally different way of life have long proved to be the stuff of good storytelling.
Calling it by a new name doesn’t change the essence of a theory relying on chance.
Dubious procedures like these would be unthinkable in other natural sciences, such as physics.