When it comes to causation, there are only two classes of causal forces; those are material causes and intelligent causes.
This is a case of evolutionary biology trying to explain away the data that otherwise was not directly expected under their model.
The 2023 Conference on Engineering in Living Systems, organized by the CSC’s Engineering Research Group, is set for June 1-3 in Denton, Texas.
The reviewers that insist this work is “ludicrous,” a “smear,” or a “hatchet job” are wrong; it is none of these.
Boom! There goes the “exquisitely documented” evolution of turtles. Sorry, Professor Dave.