Far from being humble, primitive steppingstones to higher life, microbes display superpowers that so-called “higher” forms of life depend on.
Assume for a moment that there was some way to produce simple organic molecules on the early Earth.
Much of our plastic debris accumulates in the oceans where it collects in huge revolving garbage patches on the surface called gyres.
Jupiter’s moon Europa, somewhat smaller than Earth’s moon, may have surface water and organic chemicals, researchers say.
Prochlorococcus, which lives in the ocean, may be the most abundant species of life on earth. It produces about 20 percent of the oxygen we breathe.