The year 1859, when Darwin changed the course of science and when John Brown rebelled and died, was a profound historical turning point.
A colleague remarked to me (in an uncharacteristically unscholarly disclosure) that he could not share my interest in “all this old 19th-century stuff.”
Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909) provides the closest chronological fit with Darwin.
As Alec Ryrie pointed out in his history of Doubt, “intellectuals and philosophers may think they make the weather, but they are more often driven by it.”
Fleeming Jenkin (the distinguished Scottish scientist who with Lord Kelvin spearheaded the laying of the transatlantic cable) was particularly scathing.