Let us give some thought to the Y chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster, that engaging fly which is the bond-servant of genetics.
Budding is the means of reproduction of some species of worms but it is most certainly not a means reproduction by human beings.
“Nothing in nature will ever simultaneously go to both low entropy and high energy at the same time.”
I have long believed that “being alive” is the fundamental predicate to possessing even rudimentary intrinsic moral value.
Engineers designing a car have to plan for all kinds of conditions the car might encounter.